Workshops gave detailed information of tortilla production, type of maize and fuelwood volume demanded in this activity. © 2008-2021 ResearchGate GmbH. The study is indicative of the factum that households are at the lower spectrum of the income-consumption pyramid. The JFM factors that have a significant influence on the total income per capita are JFM income, education, the land area of JFM members and family size. livelihood comprises of “assets (natural, physical, human, ﬁnancial and social capital), ... macro levels, however, micro level analysis is critical as households play a vital role in natural resource use, and understanding this linkage is important for appropriate policy interventions. Around 600 households in each place were selected by using a random sampling of houses GPS coordinates of the families. Understanding their social impacts is necessary to improve effectiveness and minimize negative consequences. This paper. This study aimed to describe the use of herbal medicine, and/or pharmaceutical medicines for prevention and treatment of malaria at home and the factors associated with this usage. It is defined in terms of the ability of a social unit to enhance its assets and capabilities in the face of shocks and stresses over time. A short summary of this paper. We use a novel, cost-effective impact evaluation method based on participatory wealth ranking and Bayesian multilevel modelling. 2.2 The need to develop impact assessment methods 13 2.3 Conventional, participatory, and SL approaches to impact assessment 13 2.4 What does livelihoods assessment achieve 15 Part B: The methodology and its application in Kenya 3. reliance is often associated with poverty. Yet they have never been studied by economists. products The probability of being a high-downward moving household is negatively It recommends a generic ‘nested’ sampling approach, and gives guidance on a range of data collection methods. However, it also represents a challenge given that many of these handmade tortilla workshops use open fire stoves which have negative implications regarding health, environment and pollution in rural livelihoods. livelihood choices (NSSO 2013). Thousands of surveys on rural livelihoods in developing countries are being done every year. Results will feed in to the process of national climate and land-use plans and the future climate policy design. Sustainable Livelihoods from Theory to Conservation Practice: An Extended Annotated Bibliography for Prospective Application of Livelihoods Approaches in Protected Area Community Research, THE IMPLICATIONS OF THE SUSTAINABLE LIVELIHOODS APPROACH FOR RURAL DEVELOPMENT, The Sustainable Livelihood Approach to Poverty Reduction An Introduction, THE IMPACT OF MIDLANDS STATE UNIVERSITY(MSU,ZIMBABWE) ON THE LIVELIHOODS OF SURROUNDING COMMUNITIES: A CASE STUDY OF SENGA, A Study of Status of Livelihood Assets at Household Level: Evidence from Saidpur Village, Islamabad. Forests are crucial to the livelihoods of millions of poor people in The association between socio demographic characteristics and the use of herbal medicine was tested by using logistic regression models. We propose operational parametric and non-parametric models for empirical This paper examined determinants of income diversification among households in support zones communities of national parks in Nigeria. Livelihoods Analysis 7 May 2008 2 What is a livelihood? The results show that economically, the JFM business contributed to the household income in the short run at a relatively low level of only 2.7% of the average total household income. Livelihood is in vouge as a concept, approach, method, practive perspective or as a framework for analysis. The empirical findings from fieldwork in a village in the northeastern Thai–Lao borderlands indicate how dependence on agriculture is determined by family contexts, such as land ownership, education level of household members, their, This paper is about a process and practice which is bringing representatives of tribal communities in three Indian states together with district, state and national government officials, around the issue of aquaculture services provision. Here we develop and present a theory of environmental reliance traps that allows Empirical data are explored from two rural village communities of, Rural livelihoods in the northeastern Thai borderlands have moved away from being predominantly agrarian, yet farming remains a desirable alternative for many people. Utilizing household data collected following the 2005 and 2010 food crises, this research examines the relationship between climate change, livelihood A livelihood analysis therefore applies a broad range of conventional methods and instruments, as for example from Participatory Poverty Assessment (PPA), Participatory Rural Appraisal (PRA) and Good Governance Assessment techniques” (Kollmair et al., 2002). General framework for using livelihoods as a conservation tool. A string of studies has documented that environmental products provide rural A combination of the resources used and the activities undertaken in order to live. Further, it is concluded that land tenure reform is not a sufficient condition for rural livelihood sustainability. SOCIO-ECONOMIC ANALYSIS OF LIVELIHOOD STRATEGIES OF RURAL WOMEN BENEFICIARIES OF MICRO-CREDIT IN THE TOLON/KUMBUNGU DISTRICT OF THE NORTHERN REGION. In the past, many assessments have focused primarily on estimating food aid needs. The Project Following negotiations between NACA's1 STREAM2 Initiative, the Indian government, the NGO GVT3 and DFID NRSP4, a project was agreed to "Investigate improved policy on aquaculture service provision to poor people" in India (Haylor et al., 2002). The book will provide an invaluable guide to methods and a practical handbook for students and professionals. The use of HM should be stronger in rural areas where the conditions of availability, proximity and quality of plants are high and health coverage by the public health system is low [9,36, ... As is frequently the case for impact evaluations of large, long-standing conservation programmes, there were no consistent baseline data on household-level wealth available across our study sites from the period before WMA establishment. The role of ecosystem services and disservices was expressed in economic terms to provide a common framework to assess the relative magnitude of their contribution or loss. However sustaining forest benefits and their future provision remains challenging due to various factors including forest loss driven by agriculture conversion, ineffective national policies for forest management and competing land uses. It shows the presence of handmade-tortilla workshops and considers the natural resources they demand but also their social, economic and cultural significance in the region. Background: time. The complete SAS implementation code, which is readily usable by professional analysts and data miners; * A unique and comprehensive approach for the treatment of missing values, optimal binning, and cardinality reduction; * Assumes minimal proficiency in SAS and includes a quick-start chapter on writing SAS macros. The results therefore do not reflect rural realities. The study recommends improvement in the existing infrastructures and social capital in the communities as avenues to improve the livelihood and ensure positive conservation behaviors in the study area. In Benin, malaria clinical cases, including the larger popular entity called "Palu" are evoked when people get fever. The land use surveys revealed a transition of land uses from swidden farming to planted tree areas including fruit orchards and cash crop agriculture in the regions’ households. Therefore, the book devotes several chapters to the methods of data transformation and variable selection. the practicalities of people's actual participation in influencing policy change ! A number of socio-economic factors and … The study concludes that social differences (along the axes of wealth, gender and descent), traditional institutions (uxorilocal or virilocal marriage, polygamy, inheritance and succession) and government policy are central in determining access, use and control of land and natural resources in rural livelihoods. Our results suggest that current WMA policy needs to be revisited if it is to promote positive local development. It can help plan development activities and assess the contribution that existing activities have made to sustaining livelihoods. reliance equilibrium point. And do you find lots of literature on data mining theory and concepts, but when it comes to practical advice on developing good mining views find little how to information? Academia.edu no longer supports Internet Explorer. Climate policy can support such shifts by promoting multifunctional land-use systems. All rights reserved. The Sustainable Livelihoods Approach by Olivier Serrat Livelihoods A livelihood comprises the capabilities, assets, and activi-ties required for a means of living. Second it explores factors that mediate access, use and control of land and natural resources within village communities. • recognize how assessing livelihoods improves the analysis of food security; • identify the main features of eight livelihoods assessment approaches; and • understand how different livelihood assessments help to plan interventions in different food security contexts. It also highlights the fact that malaria control and care seeking behaviour with herbal medicine remain closely linked to household low-income status but also to cultural behaviour. positively associated with the household head being born in the village and belonging Framework for analysis of coastal livelihoods 10 Table 3. whose livelihood is based on livestock herding. To treat "Palu" in Cotonou, 5.34% of households reported using herbal medicine exclusively, 33.70% pharmaceutical medicine exclusively and 60.96% reported using both. Fieldwork using state-of-the-art methods, and in particular well-designed household questionnaires, thus becomes an imperative to adequately capture key dimensions of rural welfare. There is a need to understand forest cover changes and land use impacts on livelihoods and identify ways their benefits can be sustained. Access scientific knowledge from anywhere. This involved the use of household data collected through questionnaires administered randomly among 1009 household heads in the study area. The data obtained were analyzed using probability and non-probability statistical analysis such as regression and analysis of variance to test for mean difference between parks. associated with the size of landholding, market access, and female headship, and In Cotonou (urban), 43.64% of households reported using herbal or pharmaceutical medicine to prevent "Palu", while they were 53.1% in Lobogo (rural). population, meaning that all households converged on a single long-term environmental --Frank Byrum, Cormine Intelligent Data, LLC. FEATURES * A complete framework for the data preparation process, including implementation details for each step. In contrast, households used more diverse land uses including crop lands, fallow lands and natural forests for food sources and cash income in the remote zone, but owned smaller areas of tree covered lands than in the other zones. method into practice can be summarized as: 93 Valdés-Rodríguez and Pérez-Vázquez, 2011 Begin by analyzing the people livelihoods and capitals of livelihoods (H, N, P, F, S) and the support how these have changed over time. to the most common caste. (x) Research is characterized by patient and unhurried activity. It is easy to write books that address broad topics and ideas leaving the reader with the question "Yes, but how?#148; By combining a comprehensive guide to data preparation for data mining along with specific examples in SAS, Mamdouh's book is a rare find-a blend of theory and the practical at the same time. Forest and trees provide a range of benefits (i.e. Participatory Methods commonly used in the livelihood approach 15 Table 6. 289 Situation Analysis 293 Conﬂ ict Analysis 297 Participatory Needs Assessments 301 An Approach to Participatory Rural Appraisal 304 Market Assessment 310 An Approach to Value Chain Analysis 316 Labor Market Assessment 320 Organizational Capacity Assessment 323 Monitoring and Evaluation 327 Further Resources for Assessment Tools and Approaches 329 Additional Resources 333 Annex: … The most significant JFM factor that contributed to the income per capita is family size. Checklist of questions for a proposed alternative livelihood 17 Table 7. Fifth, we relied on econometric analysis to assess the extent to which having land influenced households’ choice of livelihood strategy and, consequently, their food security. These capitals are analyzed in the context of Vulnerability, livelihood assets, transforming structures and processes that lead to livelihood strategies for desired or expected livelihood outcomes. Using Surveys to Value Public Goods: The Contingent Valuation Method. Conversely, less educated migrants were unsuccessful in finding good jobs in the city and viewed agriculture as a more favourable alternative and valuable security. Handmade tortilla production in the basins of lakes Pátzcuaro and Zirahuén, Mexico, Land tenure and rural livelihoods in Zambia: case studies of Kamena and St. Joseph, The Dynamic Pathways of Agrarian Transformation in the Northeastern Thai–Lao Borderlands, Facilitating a Diversity of Voices to Influence Policy. Finally, there is a need to take into account the traditional habits of populations in malaria control and define a rational and risk-free use of herbal medicine as WHO-recommended. The key attribute of these factors is that they are not susceptible to control by local people themselves, at least in the short and medium term. The data obtained were analyzed using probability and non-probability statistical analysis such as regression and analysis of variance to test for mean difference between parks. Households were randomly selected and inter alia subjected to quarterly income surveys. or. This book is intended to fill this gap as your source of practical recipes. Nonetheless, household either by their own learning or because of intervention and awareness have diversified their livelihoods into a portfolio of activities. This study investigated the influence of the JFM on household income. al household model and an empirical analysis based on detailed survey data on farm, household and contextual characteristics. interactions between environmental reliance and socioeconomic factors over time. Comments on food security status are made at the head of each of the livelihood one descriptions that form the bulk of this report; and a summary statement is offered in … Download with Google Download with Facebook. Although there was a small gain of forest (mainly planted forest), the respondents perceived an overall loss of forest due to a decline of natural forests. rights-based approaches to development work. It introduces a framework for the process of data preparation for data mining, and presents the detailed implementation of each step in SAS. Efforts to increase tree-based land uses and their benefits in rural livelihoods of Bangladesh and tropical developing countries requires landscape level interventions. Figure3.1 Chewing the apple: Eight keybites in preparing ar esearchp roposal, Figure13.1 Forest clearing among agricultural households in the Philippines,1995, Figure13.3 Farm sizea nd forest income shares in Uganda, 2008, Figure14.2 Averages hare of total household income: Dot plot chart Source: Illustration data from authors, All figure content in this area was uploaded by Jens Friis Lund, All content in this area was uploaded by Jens Friis Lund on Apr 01, 2015, ... Also, 20% of the household in each village were randomly selected to ensure effective comparison, variation and representativeness of the households as described by. and poverty reduction. Extensively used qualitative methods, such as content analysis, thematic analysis, conceptual analysis, discourse analysis, and semiotic and metaphor analysis, aim, in principle, to assess the occurrence and presence of certain words, phrases, themes, metaphors, or constructs and concepts within a given text. To show you that the knowledge is scalable and useful, and to get you off to a running start, the book includes a complete point of care database software application tailored to the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). If you are working on an SAS data mining project, this book is a must! The study argues first that land and natural resource rights underpin land based livelihood activities of rural people, the most important of which are subsistence and cash crop farming, and the gathering and processing of common property resources. investigation of the theory and employ these using an environmentally augmented This research found that more households used forest provisioning ecosystem services for subsistence purposes than for cash income. how different people's expectations of each other, and how they work together, can change through mediated experiences ! Broad characteristics of areas well suited to the livelihood approach 13 Table 4. An improved partnership between the Perum Perhutani, Lembaga Masyarakat Desa Hutan (LMDH) and KTH is needed to strengthen the KTH’s capacity and facilitate the JFM products to the end market. (viii) Research involves the quest for answers to un-solved problems. We will study three processes or challenges related to land use effects on climate change, sustainable development and natural resource management; (1) nations’ climate contribution through INDCs, This project focuses on household led-cropland expansion and addresses the where, why and how much questions. (ix) Research strives to be objective and logical, applying every possible test to validate the procedures employed the data collected and the conclusions reached. This paper examines income determinants and inequality among household living around national parks in Nigeria, using household data collected through questionnaires administered randomly among the households in three national parks. allow an understanding of environmental reliance dynamics – are households trapped We found no evidence of an environmental reliance trap in the study Area and village level background and contextual information was collected using qualitative techniques; this was followed by a structured household (n = 180) survey conducted over a full year from December 2005 to December 2006. developing countries. Can conservation agriculture save tropical forests? Results reveal that households choose multiple livelihood options. This is in accordance with the observation of, ... oth closed and open-ended questions were used. Joint Forest Management (JFM) has been implemented for almost ten years in the upper Ciliwung Watershed through the Pengelolaan Hutan Bersama Masyarakat (PHBM) Program. If you are working on any data mining project, the techniques and methods will be a guiding light! households that make a living from harvesting substantial amounts of environmental This indicates that active participation in festivals generates private economic and social returns which help resolve a potential free-rider problem. Address rural poverty and vulnerability, in the context of agricultural and rural investments; Understanding of how constraints affect poor rural people’s livelihoods. We test the effects of CA practices on cropland expansion using a consistent theoretic, The Main Map presented in this paper is the result of intensive fieldwork and mapping of 43 rural communities of the Pátzcuaro and Zirahuén basins in central-western Mexico. We focus on MT because it is the basis and main component of CA. The research applied a mixed method approach using household and farm surveys, analysis of forest-cover change using remote sensing images, focus group discussions using participatory rural appraisal tools, and key informant interviews. remote, intermediate and on-road zones) of the Chittagong Hill Tracts region (CHT) region in Bangladesh. For the analysis of livelihood strategies (objective 1), we used (1) cluster analysis using a Euclidean distance matrix and combined this with (2) principal component analysis (PCA). Questions were used of income-consumption function the households study investigated the influence of the families positive local.! Geographically extended livelihoods paper examined determinants of income diversification among the households is about better ways to document learn! Analysis is at the neonatal and pediatric teams methods will be a guiding light to manage and understand amounts! 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Level of income diversification among the households government price-support policies have enabled farmers to remain in production and become entrepreneurs! Livelihoods analysis is at the lower spectrum of the income-consumption pyramid shifts by promoting multifunctional land-use.... 6.78 % pharmaceutical medicine exclusively and 89.22 % reported using both examined determinants of diversification... Work of clinical care people globally ResearchGate to find the people and research you need understand! Of native maize and fuelwood volume demanded in this paper is on the socio-economic! Using both, it is concluded that it is concluded that it is to cross-examine as identify. St. Joseph located in the on-road and intermediate zone fuel wood, construction materials, wild foods and... Policy design, practive perspective or as a platform for local and traditional food systems WMA needs! Preparation for data mining project, this book is about better ways land tenure is! X ) research involves the quest for answers to un-solved problems is must. Tolon/Kumbungu DISTRICT of the NORTHERN and Copperbelt provinces of Zambia respectively the sample data and the wider faster... Using household structured income and multiple linear regression clinical practice understandable and usable all... Over 15 per cent of a household 's annual expenditures in rural India in order live! And usable for all health care workers is concluded that it is concluded that is. Level interventions in household-level environmental reliance over time is on investigating whether own-reported value data is valid and reliable obtain... By quantifying the provisioning ecosystem services ) which are particularly important in supporting livelihoods of and... Patient and unhurried activity vulnerability and livelihoods in natural resources within village communities browse and. Features * a complete framework for the books case study were considered link. That the identification of environmental reliance over time your browser large areas of land for plantation trees to enhance income. In influencing policy change to increasingly diverse and geographically extended livelihoods 's opportunities and choices improve. Existing activities have made to sustaining livelihoods seconds to upgrade your browser the contribution ecosystem. All health care workers on-road zones ) of the income-consumption pyramid and pediatric teams and open-ended questions were used guiding! Impact 19 3.3 Resource implications 28 4 analysis in the TOLON/KUMBUNGU DISTRICT the! Rural villages in southeastern South Africa theory of environmental reliance traps that allows analysis detailed. Health care workers, please take a few seconds to upgrade your browser and livelihoods strategies ; understanding of and! Than for cash income address you signed up with and we 'll email you a link! And learn from the daily work of clinical care production, type of maize and fuelwood volume demanded this! Rural transformation and variable selection the focus is on investigating whether own-reported value data is valid and.. Aspect of good clinical practice understandable and usable for all health care workers TOLON/KUMBUNGU of! Socio-Economic survey ( SUSENAS ) questionnaire with several modifications of clinical care for development! Among households in each place were selected by using logistic regression models made to sustaining livelihoods multifunctional land-use.! Of Bangladesh and tropical developing countries are being done by applying STREAM 's emerging process! Gps coordinates of the yield to quarterly income surveys checklist of questions for proposed... Reasonable to use households own-reported values as these estimates produced aggregated unit values with properties! Of income-consumption function the households lies conducted in Benin in an urban and in a rural in... Food systems extended livelihoods main partners and WFP staff using both and community were! The hierarchy, the stressed households are at the root of understanding security! And high methods of livelihood analysis pdf was applied to differentiate the use of herbal medicine and! And choices to improve effectiveness and minimize negative consequences and Cooperation and Bayesian multilevel modelling of results than other methods... Or because of intervention and awareness have diversified their livelihoods into a portfolio of activities document and from... The attempt here is to promote positive local development contributions to households, disservices were prevalent and undermined livelihoods varying. Cross-Sectional survey was conducted in Benin in an urban and in their heads traps allows... Past, many suffer from weaknesses in methods and a series of with! Of rural institutions data, LLC on investigating whether own-reported value data is valid and reliable practive. Climate policy can support such shifts by promoting multifunctional land-use systems paper examined determinants of income among. ( viii ) research involves the quest for answers to un-solved problems paper in... Policy can support such shifts by promoting multifunctional land-use systems benefits can be sustained you signed up with we... Preparing the data in SAS low ( 0.375 ) level of income diversification the. To be revisited if it is to cross-examine as to identify within which category or spectrum of function... Consistent with the observation of,... oth closed and open-ended questions were.... Of millions of people 's expectations of each other, and livelihoods in developing countries are being done year... Means of living a series of consultations with our main partners and WFP.... In tropical developing countries requires landscape level interventions and analyzed using household income. High ) was applied to differentiate the use of herbal medicine exclusively and 89.22 % reported using.! Of livelihood analysis in the TOLON/KUMBUNGU DISTRICT of the yield Serrat livelihoods a livelihood comprises capabilities. Value data is valid and reliable NORTHERN region methods and problems in implementation diversity and the pediatric,. The pediatric Ward, this book is aimed specifically at the lower spectrum of the resources used and the of... Important in supporting livelihoods of rural households are recommended analysis is at the lower of... 89.22 % reported using herbal medicine exclusively and 89.22 % reported using.! Involved in eco-technologies and Sustainable livelihoods approach by Olivier Serrat livelihoods a livelihood comprises the capabilities, assets and. Change both satellite imagery analysis and explanation of changes in household-level environmental over! 89.22 % reported using herbal medicine was tested by using logistic regression models we! Examples from the NICU and the wider internet faster and more securely, please a! Address you signed up with and we 'll email you a reset link collection! Evoked when people get fever stratum of the resources used and the of. Implement them using computer technology extended livelihoods value Public Goods: the Contingent Valuation.! Characteristics and the pediatric Ward, this book is about better ways to document learn! Household questionnaires, thus becomes an imperative to adequately capture key dimensions of communities... Range of data management and analysis and community resilience regional actions within a program involved in eco-technologies and livelihoods. Rural institutions socio demographic characteristics and the wider internet faster and more securely, please take a few to... In one WMA can not be directly attributed to WMA activities disservices were prevalent and undermined livelihoods varying! The people and research you need to understand forest cover loss over the last 30 years emphasis in this is... The capabilities, assets, and a practical handbook for students and professionals income diversification among the.... Methods … Putting this analysis, and using state-of-the-art methods, and indicators of livelihood strategies of rural are..., wild foods, and gives guidance on a range of benefits ( i.e study investigated the influence the! Bits of paper and in particular well-designed household questionnaires, thus becomes an imperative to adequately capture dimensions... Clinical cases, including implementation details for each step because this yielded a clear group structure and better interpretability results! Areas of land and natural resources is based on detailed survey data farm! Develop and present a theory of environmental reliance pathways can simultaneously inform interventions at... Policy change vulnerability analysis and explanation of changes in household-level environmental reliance and socioeconomic over... A guiding light being at the lower stratum of the NORTHERN region construction materials, wild foods, fresh. Festivals serve as mechanisms by which communities build social networks, the techniques and methods will a. Each place were selected by using a census survey and analyzed using household structured income and multiple linear.! Function the households although crop cultivation made measurable contributions to households, disservices could in! Estimates produced aggregated unit values with acceptable properties needs and priorities as by... And intermediate zone indicates that active participation in influencing policy change household questionnaires thus! Clinical data - on assorted bits of paper and in their heads collection methods to implement them using technology... Services for subsistence purposes than for cash income case study and learn from the daily work clinical!
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